Fforestfach Cross

The Fforestfach History Website

Collieries - Gendros

 

Gendros or Charles Colliery

 

Location: Latitude: 51.639656, Longitude: -3.972356or Map Grid Reference: SS6361195270

 

In the 1838 Tythe Map: Ty wyth (Eight house),

Parcel of land: 1362, Name of land: Genros, Parcel Name: Waun,

Land owner: Sir John Morris, Land occupier: Joseph Griffiths

Gendros Colliery Area reproduced from (1868-1892) Ordnance Survey map.

Looks like a small concern on the top right corner of the field.

Note: Police Station in the bottom right of the field, on Carmarthen Road.

Gendros Colliery Area - Google Earth 1945.

The 2 Drift entrances/exits at 30 and 40 yard depths from colliery plans.

By 1945 there were only soil tips left to show for the old colliery.

gendros_colliery_1868-1892

Gendros Colliery 1945 from Google Earth
   
gendros_colliery_1920-1932
Gendros Colliery position 2009 from Google Earth

Gendros Colliery Area reproduced from (1920-1932) Ordnance Survey map.

Note: Old Coal Pit, right of center off King's Head Road.

 

Gendros Colliery Area - Google Earth 2009.

Fforestfach library was opened in 1973 and is positioned to left of the cutting on the 1945 map, inline with Armine Road.

 
white pinGendros Colliery
yellow pinDrift

Original owner: Sir R.A.Morris

Company: Gendros Coal Co.Fforestfach

The colliery worked 2 foot, 3 foot & 6 foot veins

 

 

Source

Index

Area

Date

Details

(NLT)
P87

STORY OF SWANSEA D & V

- Fforestach

&

WGAS - MORRIS ESTATE PAPERS

Only Details

Legal owner of the land and mineral rights was

Sir Robert Armine Morris (1848-1927). Armine Road was named after him. After the building of Saron Chapel (1907) he still reserved the right to search and win back coal or other minerals from the area.

(NLT)
P53

STORY OF SWANSEA D & V

- Fforestach

No date

Behind Saron Chapel, where Clos Saron has been built. The Charles' Colliery was worked, he mentions about the pit being a slant, where women on donkey carts and people transporting coal with barrows.

(RL)
47 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1884

Gendros (Cenros) colliery Cockett, Swansea. This mine was owned by the Charles Brothers and Davies and was managed by D. Charles,

(TCT)
P8 
FATAL COLLIERY ACCIDENT
13.06.1885

David Charles of Ravenhill fell and was killed at Charles Pit, Gendros. He was a deacon at Bethlehem Chapel, he leaves a widow and seven children.

(SWDN)
P3 
DISTRICT INTELLIGENCE-SWANSEA
25.05.1889

Fatal colliery tram accident of Joseph Gray, while empolyed as a trimmer at Charles Pit Colliery, Forest Vach.

(KD)
P532 KELLY'S DIRECTORY 1891 "Fforest fach. Commercial. Gendros Co. (Thomas Glasbrook, manager), colliery owners, Gendros".
(C)
P1 ADVERTICEMET-NOTICE 27.03.1891 Gendros Coal Company dissolved by Thomas Glasbrook, Philip Richard, Edward Charles, William Charles and John Davies Colliery Propietors on 18th March 1891.
(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1893/6

The Gendros Coal Company of Forest Fach employed 10/6 men.

(KD)
P750

KELLY'S DIRECTORY -

SOUTH WALES

1895

Forest Fach. Gendros Coal Co. (David Charles, manager), colliery owners, Gendros

(SWDP)
P3 
LOCAL SIFTINGS.
17.07.1896

New pit started at Gendros in 2ft. vein with both coal and clay. The first clods cut by Mrs Ann Charles, Miss Rosina Dand and Mr Robert Charles Mr Edward Charles of Glanyrafon represented the company. There where many people present.

(SWDP)
P7 
FUNERAL
24.06.1898

Death and funeral of Mr Edward Charles colliery proprietor of Glanyrafon, Fforestfach which took place at Cadle Chapel. He had connected to the chapel for 50 years and was senior deacon. Father to Councillor Rev. S. Charles, Ferndale and Rev. M. Charles, Madeley.

(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1899

Employed 28 men.

(C)
P2 
SWANSEA POLICE COURT - COUNTY BUSINESS
30.06.1899

The Gendros Colliery and Brickworks Company were summoned for keeping explosives on unlicensed premises. The offence was admitted by Mr Andrews the company representive. A fine of 4s. and costs was inflicted.

(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1900

Employed 27 men.

(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1901

Employed 29 men.

(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1902

Employed 35 men.

(C)
P6 
FFORESTFACH
22.08.1902

Accident occured at Gendros Colliery when Joe Thomas broke a leg.

(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1903

Employed 25 men.

(EE)
P4 
FFOESTFACH DOCTORS QUESTION.
28.11.1903

Dr Gowing was influenced to continue practicing in the area by local collieries such as Gendros Colliery and Brick Company Limited.

(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1905

Employed 32 men.

(C)
P6
GENDROS BOY'S TRAGIC DEATH
26.04.1907

David Glyn Voyle age 9 from Mile End cottages, met his death at Gendros Brickworks. Inquest at Fforestfach Police station, Mr Edward Charles part owner gave evidence.

(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1907

Employed 29 men.

(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1909

Employed 30 men.

(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1910

Employed 29 men.

(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1912

Employed 11 men.

(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1913

Employed 17 men.

(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1908/9

Owned by the Gendros Coal and Brick Company of Forest Fach, Swansea.

Manager was J.D. Jones who employed 26/4 men.

(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1911

The manager was still Mr. Jones who employed 37 men.

(SWWP)
 
DEATH.
09.05.1914

Mr John Davies, Ardwyn House, Fforestfach, died. He was conected with Gendros Colliery and the Charles Slant and Brick Works. He was also a member of old Cockett School Board.

(AVCECN)
P6 
MIRACULOUS ESCAPE AT GENDROS.
04.06.1914

A Gendros Brickworks kiln roof fell in, William Henson, John Macdonald and a third man who was injured. Dr Peter MacRitchie (Fforestfach) was called.

(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1932

Owned by Pembrey Collieries Limited and employed 17 men.

(RL)
48 
THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA.
1935

The colliery is now unlisted.

N/A
N/A
LOCAL KNOWLEDGE
Early 1970's

The colliery soil tip was over twice the height of the Fforestfach library in places. Many children used make-shift sledges over the years to slide down the soil mountains. The removal of the tip took several months to clear. Gendros Park was latter established here.

-
-
-
-

NON RELATED GENDROS AREAS, AT LEAST I DON'T THINK SO!

(C)  F56  DISASTERS AND ACCIDENTS, 1872 June 21 DEATH OF JOHN JENKINS, 54, KILLED BY A TRAM AT GENDROS PIT, GOWER - INQUEST VERDICT OF ACCIDENTAL DEATH. P5
(C)   F56  DISASTERS AND ACCIDENTS, 1872 June 21 INQUEST AT MARQUIS ARMS ON JOHN JENKINS,54, WHOSE LEG TANGLED WITH TRAM AS IT DESCENDED INTO GENDROS PIT,GOWER.P5,
(C)   F56  DISASTERS AND ACCIDENTS, 1872 June 21 JOHN JENKINS INQUEST: THOMAS HOPKINS, OVERMAN, GENDROS COLLIERY OWNED BY MR.G. REES & CHARLES TUCKER. WITNESSES.P5,
(C)   J21  MINING AND INDUSTRY, 1888 June 15 T.GLASBROOK OF FFORESTFACH & THE OLD GENDROS WORKINGS (WELL KNOWN AS THE LANDORE VEIN). 

 

NOTES: AREA COLLUM (etc.)

 

- THE COLLIERS OF THE SWANSEA AND SWANSEA VALLLEY GENERAL AREAS by Ray Lawrence BSc. 2008

- STORY OF SWANSEA D & V

Norman Lewis Thomas (The Story of Swansea Districts and Villages Volume II Parts IV-VIII with Abridged Volume I Parts I - III, 1969)

WGAS - MORRIS ESTATE PAPERS (West Glamorgan Archive Service - Morris Estate Papers)

- DISASTERS AND ACCIDENTS, ACCIDENTS, MINING ACCIDENTS 

- MINING AND INDUSTRY, COAL MINING, SWANSEA AND GOWER 

- (KD) - KELLY'S DIRECTORY 1891

 

________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Workers: e.g. 355 /61 = 355 underground and 61 on the surface.

 

The names of collieries would often change with ownership or re-openings, the coal seam name would sometimes follow suit.

________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

QUOTE

 

"The main entrance to Saron faces Carmarthen Road, Gendros, while one side of the building is in line with King's Head Road, and in the rear still remains the overgrown tip of the old Charles' coal pit or slant. Reference to the actual site of the church reads :
"That piece or parcel of land situate at Gendros in the Parish of Cockett in the County of Glamorgan and abutting on the road leading from Fforestfach to Swansea and containing an area of two roods and eight perches and more particularly delineated and described in the map or plan endorsed on an Indenture dated the

30th December, 1903, and made between Sir Robert Armine Morris, Baronet of the one part and the Reverend John Davies and others of the other part."

 

Norman Lewis Thomas, The Story of Swansea Districts and Villages Volume II Parts IV-VIII with Abridged Volume I Parts I - III, 1969, page 87

 

 

REFERENCE:

"Gendros" was used to filter the Cambrian index as best as possible with the information available.

(C) Cambrian | Available from the Swansea County Hall

(TCT) The Cardiff Times | http://newspapers.library.wales/

(SWDP) The South Wales Daily Post | http://newspapers.library.wales/

(SWDN) The South Wales Daily News | http://newspapers.library.wales/

(EE) The Evening Express | http://newspapers.library.wales/

(AVCECN) The Amman Valley Chronicle and East Carmarthen News | http://newspapers.library.wales/

________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

*A huge thank you to Dave Arnold for all his help with the Collieries*

Thank you to the City & County of Swansea for all your help and support.